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Arabische exoniemen

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Deze lijst met Arabische exoniemen bevat namen die significant verschillen van de namen van dezelfde plaatsen in andere talen, evenals namen van Arabische oorsprong in landen (vooral Spanje) waar het Arabisch niet langer wordt gesproken. Sommige van deze exoniemen zijn niet langer in gebruik.

Niet genoemde plaatsen worden over het algemeen in het Arabisch aangeduid met hun respectieve namen in hun moedertaal, aangepast aan de Arabische fonologie indien nodig.

Exoniemen die niet gerelateerd zijn aan het overeenkomstige toponiem in de lokale taal[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Nederlands Arabisch Opmerkingen
Acireale al-Yāq betekent "de stier"
Aguilar de la Frontera Bulāya
Golf van Biskaje Bāhr al-Akhdar betekent "Groenste kust"
Catania Balāt al-Fīl betekent "Hof van de olifant"; ook Qātāniyyah
Ciudad Real Māslākha
Ciutadella de Menorca Madinah al-Jazīra betekent "Stad van het eiland"
Covadonga Zahra Bilāy betekent "Bloem van Bilay"
Duitsland ألمانيا Almāniya van de Alemannen (zoals in het Spaans, naast andere talen)
Enna Qasr al-Yahyā betekent "Kasteel van Johannes", een vertaling van de vroegere naam Castrogiovanni
Faro Bur al-Hārun betekent Haven van Aaron
Ukhshūnuba van de Latijnse variant Ossonoba
Gela Madinah al-Amud betekent "Stad van de kolommen"
Griekenland اليونان al-Yūnān heeft betrekking op Ionië
Den Haag Lāhāy uit het Franse La Haye
Igualeja Balāt al-Wālay betekent "het gebogen hof"
Montenegro Jabal al-Aswad betekent "Zwarte Berg"
Navarre Balāt al-Bashkans betekent "Hof van het Baskische volk"
Ourem Abd al-Ejaz betekent "dienaren van de barrière"
Oostenrijk النمسا an-Namsā, an-Nimsā van een Slavisch woord dat 'Duits' betekent
Isla de las Palomas Jazīra al-Tārif betekent "het eiland Tarif (ibn Malik)"
Palma de Mallorca Madinah al-Mayūrqah betekent "Stad (Hoofdstad) van Mallorca"
Reggio Calabria Rīvāh
Savoca Qalāt az-Zabūd betekent "Fort van Zabud"
Segura War al-Abyād
Taormina Madinah al-Muīzz wat "Stad van Al-Muizz" betekent; ook Tābarmīn`
Tours Balāt ash-Shuhadā betekent "Hof van de martelaren", ref. de Slag om Tours
Venetië al-Bunduqīyya van de naam van de Veneti, meer bepaald zijn adjectivevermederivaat veneticus

Van Arabisch afkomstige namen van niet-Arabisch-sprekende plaatsen[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Nederlands Arabisch Opmerkingen
Albacete al-Basit meaning "the Humble"
Albaida al-Bāyda meaning "the White"
Albalá al-Balād meaning "the Village" or "the Court"
Albarracín Banī al-Rāzin meaning "the Sons of Razin"
Alberite Gharīp al-Bāldah meaning "Village of the Post"
Albufeira al-Bukhāra meaning "the Lagoon"
Alburquerque Abu al-Qūrq meaning "Father of the Cork Oak"
Alcacer do Sal Qasr Abu Dānis meaning "Castle of Abu Danis"
Alcalá de los Gazules Qalāt al-Yāzula meaning "Fort of Yazula"
Alcalá de Guadaíra Qalāt al-Jabīr betekend "Kasteel van Jabir"
Alcamo Manzīl al-Qāmāq meaning "Messuage of Qamaq"
Alcántara al-Qāntara meaning "the Bridge"
Alcantarilla Qāntara al-Asqabāh meaning "the nearest Bridge"
Alcañiz al-Khanaīs meaning "the Churches"
Alcara li Fusi al-Aqarāt meaning "Little Fortress"
Alcatraz al-Qātras meaning "the Sea Eagle"
Alcaucín al-Qāwtīn meaning "the Arches"
Alcazarén al-Qasraīn meaning "the Two Castles"
Alcuéscar al-Qāwāsqar meaning "the Canyons"
Alfarnate al-Fārnit meaning "the Flour mill"
Algaida al-Ghaīda meaning "the Wood"
Algarrobo al-Gherīb meaning "the Winds"
Algarve al-Gharb meaning "the West"
Algeciras al-Jazīra al-Hadrā meaning "the Green Island"
Alhama de Murcia Madinah al-Hammā meaning "City of the Baths"
Alhambra al-Hamra meaning "the Red One"
Alhaurín de la Torre Madinah al-Hāwrīn meaning "Divine City"
Alì al-Ali meaning "the Big"
Alicante al-Laqant meaning "the Bright"
Alimena al-Imān meaning "the Righteous"
Aliminusa Rakhbal al-Mīnusa meaning "Farmhouse of Minusa"
Aljezur Al-Juzur meaning "the Islands"
Almáchar al-Maysār meaning "the Meadows"
Almada Qalāt al-Mādin meaning "Fort of the Mine"
Almadén Hisn al-Mādin meaning "Stronghold of the Mine"
Almazán Madinah al-Māzān meaning "the Fortified City"
Almeirim Madinah al-Māryām meaning "City of Saint Mary"
Puebla de Almenara Gharīp al-Mānārah meaning "Village of the Minaret"
Almensilla al-Manzīl meaning "the Messuage"
Almeria al-Mariyyah meaning "the Mirror (of the Sea)"
Almuñecar Hisn al-Munākhar meaning "Stronghold of the Dale"
Alpujarras al-Būshārat meaning "the Grasslands"
Alquézar Qasr al-Barbītaniyyah meaning "Castle of Barbastro"
Alzira Jazīra Shuqr meaning "Graceful Island"
Ardales Ard Allah meaning "Turf of God"
Arriate ar-Rīyadh meaning "the Orchards"
Ashgabat Ishq Ābād meaning "City of Light"
Axarquía ash-Sharqiyya meaning "The Eastern (Region)"
Azofra az-Zujrah meaning "the Tribute"
Badajoz Bayt al-Jaws meaning "House of the Exigent"
Bagheria Bab al-Gherīb meaning "Gate of the Winds"
Banyalbufar Banī al-Būfar meaning "Sons of Būfar"
Bari al-Barī meaning "the Creator", see Names of God in Islam
Beja Bājad az-Zayt meaning "Oath to Zaid"
Benacazón Banī al-Qassum meaning "Sons of Qassum"
Benadalid Banī Walīd meaning "Sons of Walid"
Benaguasil Banī al-Wazir meaning "Sons of the Vizier"
Benahavís Banī Khāvis meaning "Sons of the Abyssinian"
Benalmádena Banī al-Madinah meaning "Sons of the Settlement"
Benarrabá Banī Arab meaning "Sons of the Arab"
Binissalem Banī Salīm meaning "Sons of Salim"
Borghetto al-Burjātah meaning "(City) of the little Tower"
Braga Bāb al-Ghārbiyyah meaning "Gateway of the West" (obsolete)
Bufali Abu Ali meaning "Father of the Great"
Bujalance Burj al-Hānis meaning "Tower of the Strongholds"
Cáceres Qasr al-Azād meaning "the free Castle"
Cadiz al-Qādis meaning "the Judge's (City)"
Calamonaci Qalāt al-Mānākha meaning "Castle of the Farm"
Calatafimi-Segesta Qalāt al-Fīmī meaning "Castle of Euphemius"
Calatañazor Qalāt al-Nāzur meaning "Castle of the Hawk"
Calatayud Qalāt Ayyūb meaning "Fort of Ayyub"
Calatrava la Vieja Qalāt ar-Rabāh meaning "Fort of Rabah"
Caltabellotta Qalāt al-Bālud meaning "Castle of the Oaks"
Caltagirone Qalāt al-Janūm meaning "Fort of the Jinns"
Caltanissetta Qalāt al-Nīssa meaning "Fort of the Women"
Caltavuturo Qalāt Abu Tawīr meaning "Fort of Abu Tawir"
Canicattì Hāndāq at-Tīn meaning "Gravel pit"
Cassaro al-Qasr meaning "the Castle"
Cieza Madinah al-Siyāsā meaning "City of Rule"
Cuenca Madinah Qunqa meaning "City of Qunqa"
Cuevas del Almanzora Qaīfa al-Mānsur meaning "Caves of the Victorious"
Daroca Qalāt al-Dawrajāh meaning "Fort of the Portal"
Deià Qasr al-Daīa meaning "Castle of the Field"
Faraján al-Fārkhān meaning "the Joyful"
Fátima Fātīmah meaning "(City of) Fatima"
Genalguacil Jannat al-Wāzir meaning "Garden of the Vizier"
Generalife Jannat al-Arīf meaning "Garden of the Architect"
Getafe al-Jādāfih meaning "the Long"
Gibraltar Jabal al-Tarīq meaning "Mountain of Tariq"
Granada Girnātah meaning "the Pomegranate"
Guadalajara Wādī al-Khajāra meaning "Valley of Stones"
Guadalcanal Wādi al-Khānnā meaning "Valley of the Stalls"
Guadalcázar Wādi al-Qasr meaning "Valley of the Castle"
Guadalevín Wadī al-Labāl meaning "Valley of Milk"
Guadalquivir Wādi al-Qabīr meaning "Great Valley"
Guadasequies Wadi al-Sukkār meaning "the Blind Valley"
Guadix Wādi al-Ash meaning "the Wadi of Life"
Íscar Hisn al-Asqār meaning "Stronghold of the Soldier"
Jaén Jayyān meaning "Crossroads (of caravans)"
Kalsa al-Khalīsa meaning "the Purest"
Lascari Madinah al-Asqāri meaning "City of the Soldiers"
Castillo de Locubín Hisn al-Uqbīn meaning "Stronghold of the Eagle"
Lucena al-Yussāna meaning "the Blessed"
Macharaviaya Māshār Abu Yahyā meaning "Court of Abu Yahya"
Madrid al-Mājrit meaning "the Water Spring"
Marratxí al-Murāqshī meaning "(People from) Marrakech"
Marsala (Italië) Marsā Ali afkomstig van Marsa Allah ('haven van God')
Mazara del Vallo al-Māzār meaning "the Grave"
Medina Azahara Madinah az-Zāhra meaning "The Magnificent City" or "City of the Flower"
Medinaceli Madinah as-Salīm meaning "City of Salim"
Medina-Sidonia Madinah ash-Shadūna meaning "City of Sidon"
Mineo Qasr al-Minā meaning "Castle of Mina"
Misilmeri Manzīl al-Amīr meaning "Message of the Emir"
Nájera al-Nājarrah meaning "(City) Among the Rocks"
Regalbuto Rākhbāl al-Abbūd meaning "Farmhouse of Abbud"
Mairena del Aljarafe Makhrāna al-Shārāf meaning "the Borough of the Shepherd"
Tarifa Tarīfah meaning "(City of) Tarif (ibn Malik)"
Tavira al-Tabīrah meaning "the Hidden"
Tenerife Tīn al-Arīf meaning "Gravel of the Architect"
Torre Alháquime Burj al-Hākīm meaning "Tower of the Wise"
Trafalgar Tārf al-Gharb meaning "Cape of the West"
Ubeda Ubbayḏah meaning "Servants of God"
Valladolid Balāt al-Walīd meaning "Court of Walid"
Zafra az-Zāfarah meaning "the Harvest"
Zamora Madinah az-Zemurah meaning "City of the Turkuoois"
Zisa al-Azīz meaning "the Magnificent"


Dit artikel "Arabische exoniemen" is uit Wikipedia. De lijst van zijn auteurs is te zien in zijn historische   en/of op de pagina Edithistory:Arabische exoniemen.



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